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Chapter 12-The Sanhedrin  
In 57 BCE the Proconsul Cabineus established five regional synhedria (Sanhedrins, or councils) to regulate the internal affairs of the Jews.
The Sanhedrinae was a legislative council of 70 elders plus the high priest, that interpreted Jewish law and adjudicated appeals, especially in ritual matters. Their specific composure and powers actually varied depending on Roman policy.
Now in Rabbinical Judaism, the descendents of the Pharisees have spent many centuries carefully editing and modifying our history of this body, its formal structure and the relationship of the Pharisees within it.
With great patience that have successfully seeded history with the idea that the most senior position of the Great Sanhedrin (of the Great Temple) was not the High Priest as history used to tell us, but a chief justice (Nasi) and a vice chief justice (Av Beit Din).
Coincidently, Rabbinical Judaic history nominates a “parallel universe” of leadership back to the time of King Cyrus of Persia that indicates people effectively holding the position of “Nasi” of the Sanhedrin and “Av Beit Din” as well as the high priest, the king/governor and collector of taxes.
As it also turns out in this methodical re-write of history, the most senior position according to the ancestors of the Pharisees by 4 BCE is no longer the position of High Priest held in those days by Sadducees but the “president”(Nasci) which is supposed to be a position held by a Pharisee.
When questioned on how this reinterpretation of history is somehow absent from semi-reliable texts from the period, the answer is that there is ample evidence to show that the Pharisees were considered the true spiritual leaders of the Jews at the time.
This is many respects is true. The Pharisees were immensely popular with the Jewish population at the time. And for good reason. They actually cared about the salvation of jewish people and they did not participate in secret satanic rituals and human sacrifices like some of their more ancient Sadducee enemies.
In context, there can be no doubt that the most senior Pharisee of the day would be considered the legal expert in regards to Jewish law and therefore it is quite conceivable that a title honouring that position was formalized.
It is also understandable why the spiritual descendent of the Pharisees, the Rabbinical Judaic system would want to create some kind of historic legacy beyond the mere approval of the Romans after the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 CE to keep teaching.
So trying to show a longer history of spiritual leaders of Pharisees somehow having spiritual control over the Great Sanhedrin makes sense and in some ways was probably true. But the High priests still controlled the show, even if they were Sadducee. Even if they were corrupt.
Maybe in another thousand years when the history of the time is forgotten, the revised history created by rabbinical Judaism will be accepted as truth and the high priests will be relegated to secondary, even irrelevant authority.


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