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Chapter 6-Akhenaten  
So at this point one might ask what does this diversion concerning Ebla and Ugarit have to do with the Essenes?
The answer is everything. For it is the Essenes who professed to have documented and historic proof of bloodlines dating back to the time of Adam. They were the ones who nominated Ebla and northern Syria as the birthplace of the Jews.
For the Essenes claimed direct ancestry to the first spiritual leaders of the first and one of the greatest spiritual city of human history- Ebla.
But the great exodus of spiritual knowledge and bloodlines of 2250-2150 BCE is not the end of the story for the Essenes, only the first major phase.
The second takes up in Egypt around the time of Pharaoh Akhenaten (1353 -1336 BCE).
Akhenaten was married to one of the most beautiful women in history Nefertiti and was one of the most incredible figures of history. For instead of seeking to be worshipped as a God, he wished to be known as a “servant of God” and a bringer of wisdom in the same honor as his ancestors.
He sidestepped the priests of Thebes and the temple of Amen and established his own city and codes of worship whereby not only the select Pharaoh and other elite individuals could obtain immortality but that ordinary people also had souls and could obtain immortality through a honorable and pious life.
His reign was during some dramatic climactic as well as health issues for Egypt which involved records of great plagues and death.
What is certain is that the ruling priest classes of Egypt used these disasters as omens against the religious revolution of Akhenaten and he moved with a sizeable party of exiles, including his Queen and daughters to Ugarit by about 1335 to 1330 BCE.
The historic search for Akhenaten by his Queen Nefertiti to find his new home in Lebanon is immortalized as the myth of Osiris, including naming the resting place of Akhenaten “Osiris” being Byblos in Lebanon, not far from Ugarit.
What seems to be a historic reversal of fortune, the wealthy nobles and priests of Ugarit who worshipped Dagan (satan) and participated in ritual sacrifice and cannibalism were exiled. These exiles re-settled amongst existing trading cities such as Carthage, Tangier, established new colonies in Crete, Lydia and Northern Italy around Tuscany, Barcelona in Spain as well as groups as far away as the British Isles.
With their practical skills of trade, technology and construction, these new centres quickly flourished. Their worship of Satan and blood ritual sacrifice also flourished. But history shows that these wealthy families never forgave the “Egyptians” for exiling them from their great city as well as fermenting the wrath of the Egyptian Empire to cause the cities destruction around 1205 BCE by the descendent of Ramesses called Pharaoh Merneptah.
A monument to his victories testifies he vanquished the Israelites as the citizens of Ugarit were known at this time.
Now once again we find history both creating a wonderful support and a problem for Rabbinical Jewish historians and Christian scholars. For on the one hand, the Stele of Merneptah is the earliest historic record of the existence of the Israelites and on the other hand they are not in the place they were supposed to be according to the Bible.
Now for the Bible to still be credible, the Israelites being in a great city such as Ugarit means that a great Jewish King must have been on the throne of Jerusalem and the two greatest of the time were King David and King Saul. Unfortunately, the earliest Bible scholar put them is at least two hundred years after the destruction of Ugarit.
Rabbinical scholars explain the Stele of Merneptah away quite simply saying that it proves Israel was considered a tribe as early as 1200 BCE and then stop talking about it.
Surprisingly, it has proven reasonably effective as few people can be bothered debating long and winded arguments with Biblical and Judaic scholars over the true historic dates of the ancient kings of Israel as listed in the Bible.


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